Both the cottage and the indoor fountain itself is a true work of art, always bringing special comfort, chic and respectability to the surroundings. Everyone who has decided on a similar purchase for their own apartments, initially thinks about how to make their model exclusive and unique. Perhaps the most win-win option - spectacular lights.
Decorative or functional lighting can complement the design of any hydraulic structure: from a compact fountain to a huge pool. All lighting options of this kind can be divided into two main groups:
- Surface lighting.
Decorative underwater lamps give a special mystical luster to the fountain, making it unusual and exclusive. The light does not blind the eyes, because the rays of the lamps make their way through the water much softer. This is a good option for miniature items designed for home or apartment decoration.
There are two types of underwater lights. This is an underwater light, the key elements of which are located in special bowls on the bottom or on the sides of the structure. There are also mobile lights that float freely on the water surface of the fountain.
The nuances of underwater and surface lighting
The main disadvantage of underwater lighting: a high level of danger of leakage current. Waterproofing wiring, as well as all components must be of the highest quality. Even the work done with delicate and precise is not a guarantee that the lighting device will not suddenly get wet.
Surface lights fountain is considered a safer option decor. For "flooding" of the waterway in a specific color, different types of searchlights and fixtures are used.
Functional lighting design
From the point of view of operation, it is permissible to equip a fountain with illumination only with very strong, all-season, durable and high-quality materials. If the lamps are selected for water decorative elements to give, it makes sense to think out not just the decor of a particular element, but to form a complete landscape design. The backlight of the fountain should be harmoniously combined with the lighting of the suburban area.
Too bright light is better not to use. The maximum level of brightness is usually focused on some interesting attributes: gazebos, patios, green hedges, flower bushes.
Types of luminaires for functional lighting
For the functional lighting of the courtyard and the fountain, as an important decorative element on the site, use a variety of lighting devices: incandescent lamps, energy-saving, fluorescent, LED installation. It is allowed to combine several variants of lighting devices at once.
At the same time, if you can use any type of luminaire for pillars, arbors, around fences and other locations in the courtyard, then only structures that are safe in all respects should be placed directly with the fountain. Current and such options:
- Lamps floor lamps. The devices are mounted vertically near the fountain, equipped with frosted glass diffusers. Such designs can be stylized "under the retro", pick up interesting options in the direction of modern or high-tech;
- Spherical lamps for fountains are represented by round-shaped devices that are equipped with low-power lamps. Products made of polycarbonate or carbonate usually do not give powerful streams of light, therefore, to impart a certain romantic flair near the fountain, they are ideal for giving;
- Solar backlight is only suitable for outdoor (surface) lighting of the garden fountain. Installations have only in a warm season (usually they are cleaned from the yard in winter) on locations flooded with sunlight.
There is one good rule that will help prevent mistakes, selecting the light for the suburban area and for fountains in particular: the richer the landscape design, the more concise should be the instruments that illuminate the space and the fountain itself.
For example, if the courtyard is decorated with all kinds of flowerbeds, patios, unusual carved fountains, original garden furniture, alpine slides and other things, then to illuminate all the objects, it is better to incorporate simple spherical lamps.
We should also study the fountain with LED backlight. Considering the most modern, progressive and safe in all respects products for lighting water points, LED-devices are paying special attention. LED spotlights and ribbons are ideal for "staining" water jets, as well as the fountain bowl itself.
They are flexible, convenient to install. You can set up a primitive lighting with your own hands, without even having solid experience. A particular advantage is the extremely low level of energy consumption. In this case, you can set one or another glow mode with your own hands, changing the decorative elements to your mood.
The disadvantages include the high cost of such equipment. However, during the operation of an expensive purchase pays for itself 100%. In addition, alternative illumination options in good quality are also expensive.
Selection of fixtures and site preparation
To illuminate a large fountain, it is enough to arrange lamps with a pointed leg at the edges. They are simply installed directly on the ground. To make the “picture” look voluminous and playable, tapes with LED clusters are also mounted on the bottom of the bowl.
To create "floating fountains" with your own hands is also quite realistic. RGB luminaires with 12V LEDs and IP 68 protection class are suitable for installation. Such constructions are distinguished by a high degree of safety. Moisture is not able to penetrate the parts of the devices. Luminaire housing is usually represented by reinforced plastic or stainless steel.
About the nuances of mounting LED equipment
Before using your hands to assemble decorative lighting, it is necessary to make a markup. Experts recommend doing this even before purchasing the materials themselves in order to know exactly which materials and in what quantities may be required.
With the LED tape remove the protective layer and adhesive base pressed to the working surface. If it is necessary to cut the canvas, do it only in marked places where it is permissible to make cuts. It is also strictly forbidden to pinch the tape. Allowed to bend at 20 mm - no more.
The glued device is connected to the controller, and then to the power supply via a step-down transformer. It may happen that the controller "does not pull" too long a tape.
The situation will help fix several amplifiers. In order for the resulting construction to meet all standards, it is important to remember the main rule: the recommended fragment length for smd 3528 tapes is 5 meters, and for smd 5050 it is 3 meters.
Any electrical equipment requires careful treatment. When it comes to electricity and water structures, it is important to follow all the rules. This guarantees not only safety, but also a long service life for all components.
It is important that the network is equipped with a device for protective shutdown. Such a device today complements any electrical installation.
Lamps should have a sealed enclosure. Sealed box protects the elements of the backlight from moisture. If there are any doubts about the reliability of the design, it is better to abandon the experiments, timely contacting people who are well versed in this.
Fog and light: a magic combination
You can also decorate a table fountain with lighting in the apartment and overall street constructions with the help of a diffuser. This device allows you to create incredible effects on the water surface, which will help emphasize the LEDs.
Fountains with fog and lights look truly magical. The diffuser generates artificial fog, and the LED tapes highlight both the bowl with water and the clouds of steam rising above the fountain.
The diffuser is quite tiny. The case is usually protected from moisture. This allows you to place the device directly in the tank with water. The device separates the water into microparticles, thus generating "cold steam", which resembles ordinary fog.
For some time puffs of steam hang on the water bowl, gradually dissolving into the air. Room diffusers perform not only the role of a decorative device, but also qualitatively moisten the air. It is worth noting that without a corresponding highlight the effect of artificial fog will not be so impressive.
With illumination and fog, there are not only fountains, but also indoor waterfalls. Similar designs can be made with your own hands, armed with good instructions and after having studied all the nuances of installation.
Memo for buyers
It is important to understand that street lighting (especially if the devices are located in close proximity to water points) will constantly come in contact with dirt, moisture, dust, it will burn the sun and the wind will blow. When choosing a product, the buyer must be picky and attentive.
- Always ask the seller-consultant for certificates of quality, as well as other documents indicating that the product is of high quality and does not carry a potential threat;
- Carefully study what is written in the quality certificates themselves, as well as in the documents attached to the goods;
- Refine the warranty period and possible specific nuances regarding the exploitation of the goods;
- Pay special attention to the materials that should protect the device itself.
Considering the future purchase, it is worth looking at whether the interior of the lighting fixture body is colored. If not, there is a high probability that the deformation and breakage will start from here. "Stainless steel", cast iron and aluminum - the most simple, but advantageous in terms of exploitation materials.